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Service-Learning History Project

The Wingspread Meeting 1995


From December 2-4. 1995, Stanford University’s Haas Center for Public Service convened a small, representative number of service-learning “pioneers,” who were early adapters of this new, innovative pedagogy, to collect and analyze their stories at the Wingspread Center in Racine, Wisconsin. Co-sponsored by The Johnson Foundation the conference comprised the first major step of a research project designed to uncover and analyze the history of service-learning. The conveners wished to develop and disseminate this history in order to strengthen the service-learning’s theoretical, policy, and practice dimensions and thereby its potential to transform education and society. At Wingspread the pioneers discussed their roots, their aspirations, their concerns and the challenges they faced. These narratives were captured in the book, "Service-Learning: A Movement's Pioneers Reflect on its Origins, Practice and Future," (Stanton, Giles & Cruz, Jossey-Bass, 1999)

Preparation Materials

Agenda, Service Learning Conference, Wingspread Center, Racine, Wisconsin, 1995

Video & Audio Recordings

Post-Meeting Reflections & Analyses

Stories from the Field: Strengthening Service Learning Policy and Practice, Wingspread Journal, 1996
Napkin Workshop, American Association for Higher Education conference, Chicago, Illinois, 1996
To Strengthen Service Learning Policies and Practice: Stories from the Field, 1997
Looking Back and Moving Forward with Service Learning Pioneers, Campus Compact 30th Anniversary Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, 2016


  • J. Herman Blake, Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis (IUPUI)
  • Linda Chisholm, The Partnership for Service-Learning
  • Dick Cone, University of Southern California
  • DIck Couto, University of Richmond
  • Nadinne Cruz, Stanford University
  • John Duley, Michigan State University, retired, and Edgewood Village Non-Profit Housing Corporation
  • Mary Edens, Michigan State University
  • Dwight Giles, Vanderbilt University
  • Michael Goldstein, Dow, Lohnes & Albertson (formerly New York City Urban Corps)
  • Ira Harkavy, University of Pennsylvania
  • Jack Hasegawa, Connecticut State Department of Education
  • Gary Hesser, Augsburg College
  • Fleda Mask Jackson, Emory University
  • James Feeney, New College, University of South Florida (pre-meeting interview only)
  • James Keith, Consultant
  • Jane Kendall, National Society for Experiential Education (NSEE) (pre-meeting interview only)
  • Mel King, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (retired) (pre-meeting interview only)
  • Helen Lewis, Highlander Research and Education Center
  • Goodwin Liu, Yale University Law School
  • Sally Migliore, National Society for Experiential Education
  • J. Robert Newbrough, Vanderbilt University (post-meeting interview only)
  • Jane Permaul, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Seth Pollack, Stanford University (graduate student)
  • Ellen Porter-Honnet, The Johnson Foundation
  • Bill Ramsay, Berea College (pre-meeting interview only)
  • Ken Reardon, University of Illinois
  • Nancy Rhodes, Campus Compact
  • Greg Ricks, Echoing Green Foundation
  • Gib Robinson, San Francisco State University
  • Nick Royal, University of California, Santa Cruz (post-meeting interview only)
  • Sharon Rubin, Ramapo College of New Jersey
  • Joan Schine, Center for Advanced Study in Education, CUNY Graduate School
  • Rob Shumer, University of Minnesota
  • Bob Sigmon, Learning Design Initiatives
  • Judy Sorum Brown, Consultant (pre-meeting interview only)
  • Tim Stanton, Stanford University
  • Marty Tillman, Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs
  • Jon Wagner, University of California, Davis
  • Michele Whitham, Foley Hoag & Elliot (formerly of Cornell University)
  • Hal Woods, Vermont Commission on National and Community Service