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The Bob Fitch Photography Archive Movements for Change

Black Panther Party, Oakland, California, 1968-1972 59 items

The Black Panther Party (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a revolutionary black nationalist organization founded in Oakland, California and active from 1966 to 1982. The Black Panthers instituted a variety of community social programs designed to alleviate poverty, combat police brutality, and improve health in black communities. The Black Panther Party's most widely known initiatives were its armed citizens' patrols and its Free Breakfast for Children program. Most of the photographs in this gallery were taken during a March 28-31, 1972 Black Community Survival Conference Rally at Greenman Field, with images of Party chairman Bobby Seale speaking as well as food distribution, blood testing, and a voter registration drive. There are also many photos from a 1968 "Free Huey" rally in De Fremery Park following the arrest of BPP co-founder Huey Newton in October 1967. The rally featured speeches from Seale, Stokely Carmichael, and guest Reies Tijerina, New Mexico's leader of the Chicano land grant reclamation movement. There are also a few images of the Panther Party's headquarters following a violent attack by two Oakland police officers on September 10, 1968.

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