London to South America: Different knowledges in Cartography
From the London subway to D’Anville’s South America map: different knowledges in cartography by Junia Furtado
D’Anville who lived in Paris from 1697 to 1782 was the last of a long line of great French armchair geographer and was royal geographer to Louis XV and Louis XVI after 1719. While renowned up through the nineteenth century, he is little-known today. In 1802, in the eulogy written to open the Notice des Ouvrages de M.D’Anville, Baron Joseph Dacier said of Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville that “savants, travelers, enlightened persons of all ranks and all countries, even the princes of his time, for his desire to contribute to the progress of Geography,” considered him an oracle of the discipline. As proof of the man’s enormous contribution to the development of the subject, the Notice credited him with 211 maps (manuscript and printed), 23 other geographical works, and an impressive collection of maps which included nearly 6,000 items. He soon render his services to the House of Orléans and became member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de Paris and of the Académie des Sciences. Throughout his life, D’Anville had a penchant for ancient geography, and he said that it was “a subject that was always precious to me.” In 1725, one eye on a future candidacy to the Académie des Sciences de Paris, D’Anville presented the academicians with “a map made for the King of Portugal. It contains all of South Africa from the Equator”. It was the first time he venture in drawing a map of modern geography. I will through this exhibition make a glimpse on D’Anville’s cartography through Rumsey Center Collection.