Oral history with Jānis Rožkalns, 2013 May 8, 22, 29 (excerpt)
Rožkalns, Jānis, 1949-
Jānis remembers his education and his youth in Ineši, Latvia. He emphasizes the role of his Christian family. Jānis describes his work places and duties in Rīga. He recalls joining the National resistance movement in the 1970s. He describes in details the aims and the activities of the Movement and cooperation with some other similar organizations and persons from various parts of the USSR. He was arrested in 1983. He describes in detail his imprisonment, interrogations and court proceeding. He was sentenced to five years in a labour camp and three years without the right to return. Jānis remembers life, work, health issues and people he met while incarcerated in PERM-35 and in PERM-37, Russian SSR. He continued to resist the Soviet regime during his years in the labour camps. Jānis remembers the day of amnesty on February 1987. He recalls life after the return and rejoining the resistance movement. He describes the group “Helsinki 86” organised commemoration of the Soviet mass deportations at the Monument of Freedom in Rīga on June 14, 1987. Jānis and his wife and children were forcefully expulsed from the USSR in October 1987. In Germany, he recalls his life, work and struggle for the freedom of Latvia and provides help for Latvia after 1991. Jānis returns to Latvia in 2000.
Museum of the Occupation of Latvia audiovisual archive, 1994-2014.
Digital copies of videotaped oral history interviews with Latvians and other nationalities living in Latvia who have lived under or fled from the Soviet and/or German occupations in Latvia; or migrated as a result of acts committed by these regimes. The interviews focus on the interwar Latvia and World War II events in the region, the interviewees' escape from the country during the war, and their life in German DP camps and the Western countries (incl. United States).